Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease: Causes & Care Tips

Recently updated on May 30th, 2024 at 11:54 am

Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD) is a prevalent medical condition in the cardiovascular diseases list, affecting millions worldwide. It is a type of cardiovascular disease that primarily involves plaque buildup in the arteries, leading to narrowing and hardening of the blood vessels.

Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease: Causes & Care TipsThis condition can significantly impact blood flow and increase the risk of severe complications like heart attack, stroke, and peripheral artery disease. This comprehensive guide will explore the causes of arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease and provide essential care tips to manage the condition effectively.

Causes of Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease:

Cause of Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular DiseaseArteriosclerotic or atherosclerotic and hypertensive cardiovascular disease is primarily caused by plaque accumulation in the arteries. Plaque is a combination of cholesterol, fat, calcium, and other substances that build up on the inner walls of the arteries over time. Several factors contribute to the development of this condition:

High Cholesterol Levels:

Elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, often called “bad cholesterol,” can lead to plaque formation in the arteries. LDL cholesterol can deposit on the arterial walls and trigger an inflammatory response, leading to the hardening of the arteries.

High Blood Pressure:

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, puts additional stress on the artery walls. Over time, this constant strain can damage the lining of the arteries, making them more susceptible to plaque buildup.


Tobacco smoke contains harmful chemicals that can damage the blood vessel’s inner lining, promoting plaque accumulation. It is one of the widely known cardiovascular disease facts.


People with diabetes often have elevated blood sugar levels, which can contribute to the development of ASCVD. High blood sugar can damage the blood vessels and facilitate plaque formation.

Obesity and Sedentary Lifestyle:

Being overweight or obese and leading a sedentary lifestyle can increase the risk of developing arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Lack of physical activity and poor dietary habits can lead to high cholesterol levels and hypertension.

Family History:

A family history of heart disease or stroke can increase an individual’s susceptibility to developing ASCVD.

Age and Gender:

As individuals age, the risk of developing cardiovascular disease increases. Men are generally at higher risk compared to pre-menopausal women, though the risk in women rises after menopause.

Other Risk Factors:

Other factors that may contribute to ASCVD include stress, excessive alcohol consumption, and certain medical conditions like chronic kidney disease and autoimmune disorders.

Care Tips for Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease:

Managing arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease requires a comprehensive approach that addresses both the underlying causes and associated risk factors. Here are some essential care tips:

Healthy Diet:

A heart-healthy diet plays a pivotal role in managing Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD). Individuals can support their cardiovascular health by embracing a balanced diet filled with nutrient-rich fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. These foods provide essential vitamins, minerals, and fiber while promoting a stable blood sugar level.

Equally important is limiting the consumption of saturated and trans fats found in high-fat dairy products and processed foods and reducing the intake of sugary foods. Making these dietary adjustments helps to lower LDL cholesterol levels, maintain healthy blood pressure, and support overall heart function, reducing the risk of complications associated with ASCVD.

Regular Exercise:

Regular ExerciseRegular physical activity is essential for keeping oneself safe from hypertensive and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease Engaging in aerobic exercises like brisk walking, cycling, or swimming for at least 150 minutes per week at moderate intensity or 75 minutes at vigorous intensity can have significant benefits.

Exercise strengthens the heart muscle, improves blood flow, and helps maintain healthy blood pressure levels. Additionally, it aids in weight management, reduces stress, and enhances overall well-being. Consistent physical activity can lower the risk of heart-related complications, making it a crucial component of ASCVD management and promoting a healthier, more active lifestyle.

Quit Smoking:

Quit SmokingFor individuals with Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD) or hypertensive cardiovascular disease, quitting smoking is paramount to improving heart health. Smoking damages the blood vessels, accelerates the buildup of plaque, and increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. By quitting, individuals can immediately begin to reverse some of the harmful effects and significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications.

Seeking professional help or joining support groups can provide crucial guidance and emotional support throughout the cessation journey. These resources offer personalized strategies, coping mechanisms, and encouragement, making quitting more achievable and fostering a healthier, smoke-free lifestyle for individuals managing ASCVD.

Manage Stress:

Chronic stress poses a significant risk to cardiovascular health, especially for individuals with Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD). Prolonged stress can lead to increased blood pressure, elevated heart rate, and inflammation, which may accelerate the progression of ASCVD. Engaging in stress-reducing techniques such as meditation, yoga, or spending time in nature can be immensely beneficial.

These practices help activate the body’s relaxation response, lowering stress hormones and promoting a sense of calm and well-being. Regular practice of these techniques can aid in managing stress levels, reducing the impact of stress on the cardiovascular system, and contributing to better overall heart health in individuals with ASCVD and cardiovascular disease ICD 10.

Monitor Blood Pressure and Cholesterol:

Regular monitoring of blood pressure and cholesterol levels is crucial for individuals managing Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD). Consistently checking these metrics allows for early detection of any abnormalities and helps healthcare providers assess the effectiveness of the treatment plan.

By following the healthcare provider’s recommendations and making necessary lifestyle adjustments or taking prescribed medications, individuals can proactively manage their blood pressure and cholesterol levels, reducing the risk of complications associated with ASCVD and ensuring better cardiovascular health.

Diabetes Management:

Effective management of blood sugar levels is paramount for individuals with both Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD) and diabetes.

Collaborating closely with healthcare professionals ensures a tailored approach that combines a diabetes-friendly diet, prescribed medications, and lifestyle changes. This comprehensive strategy minimizes cardiovascular risks, promotes stable blood sugar, and enhances overall health.

Medication Adherence:

Adhering to prescribed medications is mandatory for effectively managing Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD) and ICD 10 code for cardiovascular disease. These medications, which may include blood pressure and cholesterol-lowering drugs, are carefully selected by healthcare providers to mitigate cardiovascular risks.

Consistent adherence ensures the body receives the intended benefits, such as maintaining healthy blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Deviating from the prescribed regimen can undermine treatment efficacy, potentially leading to disease progression and complications.

Open communication with healthcare providers about any concerns or side effects is essential, as they can adjust medications if needed, ensuring optimal ASCVD management and safeguarding long-term heart health.

Weight Management:

Weight ManagementFor individuals dealing with Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD), excess weight is a life threat. Striving to achieve and sustain a healthy weight is a multifaceted approach involving both dietary adjustments and regular exercise.

Adopting a balanced, nutrient-rich diet while controlling portion sizes contributes to weight loss. Concurrently, engaging in physical activities like aerobic exercises and strength training not only aids in shedding pounds but also enhances heart function and circulation.

Weight reduction alleviates strain on the cardiovascular system, diminishing the risk of complications.

Regular Medical Check-ups:

Regular Medical Check-upsRegular check-ups with your healthcare provider and screening for cardiovascular disease ICD 10 are needed to deal with Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD). These scheduled appointments provide a platform for consistent monitoring of your cardiovascular health, enabling early detection of any changes or potential complications.

Through comprehensive assessments, your healthcare team can evaluate the effectiveness of your treatment plan, including medications, lifestyle modifications, and risk factor management. Adjustments can be made promptly based on your evolving health status, ensuring optimal ASCVD control.

During these visits, open dialogue with your provider facilitates informed decision-making and fosters a collaborative approach to safeguarding your heart health and overall well-being.


Can arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease be prevented?
While some risk factors, like age and family history, cannot be changed, many lifestyle factors can be modified to reduce the risk of developing ASCVD. Adopting a healthy diet, regular exercise, not smoking, and managing conditions like diabetes and hypertension can significantly lower the risk.
What are the warning signs of ASCVD?
Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease may not show symptoms in its early stages. However, as the condition progresses, warning signs may include chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, fatigue, and pain or discomfort in the legs.
Can ASCVD be cured completely?
Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease is a chronic condition, and while it cannot be cured completely, it can be effectively managed through lifestyle changes, medication, and medical interventions. Early detection and proper management can help prevent complications and improve quality of life.
Are there any alternative therapies for managing ASCVD?
While lifestyle changes and medications are the primary approaches for managing ASCVD, some complementary therapies may help improve cardiovascular health. These may include acupuncture, certain herbal supplements, and mind-body practices like tai chi and qigong. However, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional before incorporating alternative therapies into your treatment plan.


Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease is a severe medical condition that requires practical management to reduce the risk of complications. By understanding the causes and implementing the care tips mentioned in this guide, individuals can take control of their heart health and lead a fulfilling life while minimizing the impact of ASCVD.

Always remember to work closely with healthcare professionals for personalized guidance and support on your journey to better heart health.

Tanner Gish

Tanner Gish (Certified Dementia Practitioner, CDP®) is president of Loving Homecare, chapter leader of the Foundation for Senior Services, and community educator on topics relating to home care, aging, dementia, and the relationship between adult children and their aging parents. He is also a Gallup certified Strengths Coach, and he loves empowering the Loving Homecare care team to overcome challenges and to build deeper relationships through Strengths-based coaching. He has his master’s degree in New Testament Theology and bachelor’s degree in International Business from Biola University. Tanner and his wife live in Historic Uptown Whittier, California where both love serving their community, escaping to Northern California to visit their families, and traveling to visit friends living and working overseas as much as possible.

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